Effects of Mothers’ Attitude as Breeders and Distance of Stockyard toward Diarrhea Incidence among Toddlers

Yarmaliza - Yarmaliza, Sugito Sugito, Teuku Reza Ferasyi, Nurliana Nurliana, Razali Razali

Abstract


Diarrhea is a disease with change of feces form and concentration in which feces is mushy to liquid, and the increase of poop frequency more than usual (three times or more in a day). In Aceh Province, there were diarrhea
cases as many as 48/1,000 live births. In West Aceh District, there were 1,071 cases in 2014, meanwhile there were 70 cases among toddlers in Meureubo Subdistrict. This study aimed to determine relation between mothers’attitude as breeders and distance of stockyard toward diarrhea incidence among toddlers in work scope of Meureubo District Primary Health Care. This study was cross-sectional as conducted on July – September 2015. Samples were 70 mothers who had toddlers suffering from diarrhea symptoms. Data analysis used univariate, bivariate and multivariate. Chisquare test showed that mothers’ attitude as breeders and the distance of stockyard were related to diarrhea incidence among toddlers (p value < 0.05), meanwhile multivariate test showed mothers’ attitude as breeders and the distance of stockyard had no significant relation (p value > 0.05). Diarrhea incidence among toddlers is related to mothers’attitude as breeders and the distance of stockyard, but the relation is insignificant.


Abstrak

Diare merupakan penyakit dengan perubahan bentuk dan konsentrasi tinja yang melembek sampai mencair, dan bertambahnya frekuensi buang air besar lebih dari biasanya (tiga kali atau lebih dalam sehari). Di Provinsi
Aceh, terdapat kasus diare sebanyak 48/1.000 kelahiran hidup pada 2013. Di Kabupaten Aceh Barat, pada tahun 2014 terdapat 1.071 kasus, sedangkan di Kecamatan Meureubo terdapat sebanyak 70 kasus pada anak bawah lima tahun (balita). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan sikap ibu sebagai peternak dan jarak kandang ternak terhadap kejadian diare pada balita di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Kecamatan Meureubo. Penelitian ini dilakukan secara potong lintang pada bulan Juli – September 2015. Sampel sebanyak 70 ibu yang memiliki balita dengan gejala diare. Analisis data menggunakan univariat, bivariat dan multivariat. Uji kai kuadrat menunjukkan bahwa sikap ibu sebagai peternak dan jarak kandang ternak berhubungan dengan kejadian diare pada balita (nilai p < 0,05), sedangkan uji multivariat menunjukkan sikap ibu sebagai peternak dan jarak kandang ternak tidak terdapat hubungan yang kuat (nilai p > 0,05). Kejadian diare pada balita berhubungan dengan sikap ibu sebagai peternak dan jarak kandang ternak, namun hubungannya tidak kuat.


Keywords


Diarrhea; mothers’ attitude; stockyard; toddlers

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v10i3.769

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